Take Me Somewhere Else
In the year 325 A.D. religion was a toss-up. Christianity was not “legal” yet, and the people were all over the map on who to believe and where to aim their faith. Paganism ran rampant over the known world, including the Roman Empire. The current Emperor, Constantine called to order a council meeting with bishops and deacons from all over the known world, although the world in 325 A.D. wasn’t that large at the time. The delegates invited to the “First Council of Nicaea” came from Asia Minor, Georgia, Armenia, Syria, Palestine, Egypt, Greek and Thrace. Constantine had the best and brightest of the bishops come to a central place that was available to them all…Nicaea. Which is now Iznik, located in the Bursa Province in Turkey.
The number of bishops and deacons attending are at odds. Even though 1.800 were invited to this ecumenical (ecumenical=worldwide) get together, some bishops who counted have the number attending as low as 270. There are some bishops that counted as high as 370. It would seem they not only had disagreements on how Christianity should be presented, they didn’t know how to take attendance. They did know, however, that they came to together to figure out how they would present their Lord, Jesus Christ.
There were disagreements if this holy man, Jesus, was the same as God, or was he the Son of God? Did Jesus have a beginning? Did he come from God himself? Or was he just a mortal prophet?So on May 20, 325 A.D. these bishops and deacons sat in conference to decide – and agree – how they would all go forth into the world to present Jesus Christ. Prior to the First Council of Nicaea, Christianity was illegal in the Roman Empire. It was Constantine and Licinius (he was the Emperor that preceded Constantine. Licinius ruled from 308-324) who created the Edict of Milan in 313 A.D. to make Christianity legal in the empire to attempt to bring peace and harmony to the empire. On June 19, 325 A.D. the council concluded that Jesus Christ would be known henceforth as one with God, co-eternal with the one true God and was brought into being from the substance of that God. And those that disagreed would be exiled. There were three that disagreed, including Arius of Alexander who believed Jesus was a created being, was not the same as God and not a God himself. The decree of this council was to be known as the Nicene Creed. Which also separated Easter from Passover. There were also 20 canons introduced to resolve and strengthen Church discipline.
Questions of the Holy Spirit, its existence, and where it fit into the Trinity weren’t mentioned or brought up in Nicaea. The relationship between Father and Son had to be settled first. And even though the concept was agreed upon in 325 A.D. the matter wasn’t settled until 362 A.D. after the Council of Constantinople was held. And a final doctrine was made in 381 A.D.
Constantine then commissioned fifty bibles in 331 A.D. It’s not documented that he had any influence in what books would be included or omitted in these bibles. After they were created, he then had the bibles sent to Constantinople for use in the new churches to serve as edict for his new religious law.